文章摘要
论18、19世纪英国郊区兴起的道德推动力
The Moral Driving Force behind English Suburbanizationin the 18th and the 19th Centuries
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 郊区  中产阶级  家庭理想  宗教理想
英文关键词: modern suburb  the middle class  domestic ideal  religious ideal
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(13CSS013);湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(12YBA133)
作者单位
欧阳萍 湖南科技大学 人文学院湖南 湘潭 411201 
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中文摘要:
      在18、19世纪英国郊区兴起和发展的过程中,中产阶级的家庭理想和宗教理想起到了重要的推动作用。一方面,中产阶级希望使家庭与工作相分离,希望女性可以完全投身于家庭事务当中,远离城市的公共领域;另一方面,他们又服膺福音派的主张,认为城市充满诱惑和罪恶,而乡村有利于宗教美德的培养。中产阶级日益倾向于在城市中心区从事各种经济活动的同时,居住在环境优美、道德纯净的郊区。因此,中产阶级的家庭理想和宗教理想成为近代英国郊区兴起的重要道德推动力。
英文摘要:
      Both the domestic ideal and the religious ideal of the middle class played an important role in the process of English suburbanization in the 18th and the 19th Centuries. On the one hand, the middle class hoped for the separation of family from work, and women's devotion to the family and the breakaway from the city; on the other hand, they had sincere belief in the Evangelicalism. They believed that the city was full of temptations and evils, and the country was beneficial to their religious virtue. Therefore, the middle class was inclined to reside in beautiful and virtuous suburbs while working in the cities, and their domestic ideal and religious ideal became an importantly moral driving force behind modern English suburbanization.
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