文章摘要
尼泊尔女性主义的缘起与进程
On the Origin and the Progress of Nepali Feminism
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 尼泊尔女性主义  文化背景  发展历史  前景
英文关键词: Nepali feminism  cultural background  history of development  prospect
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作者单位
李静玮1,包有鹏2 1.中国社会科学院研究生院 民族系2.中国社会科学院研究生院 法学系北京 102488 
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中文摘要:
      和发达国家相比,历史上的尼泊尔女性社会地位较低,在家庭中也长期处于从属位置。尼泊尔女性主义的发展历史可分为萌芽、起步、成熟、持续发展四个阶段,其参与主体主要有主流政党中的女性成员、非政府组织、毛主义及尼泊尔学术界。在其发展进程中,国际援助的作用利弊参半,而传统文化带来的阻力至今依然清晰可见。经过长期的发展,尼泊尔女性的地位已得到明显改善,女性的性别意识与维权意识都较过去有所增强,此外,纵观其未来发展,国家的现代化进程与一些有特殊贡献的个人也为女性争取个人权利、提高社会地位起到了积极作用。
英文摘要:
      In comparison with the developed countries, the social status of Nepali woman is historically low. Domestically speaking, Nepali women are relatively subordinate to men. History of Nepali feminism can be divided into four stages, i.e. the stage of germination, that of beginning to grow, that of maturity, and that of sustainable development, in which the women members of the mainstream political parties, the NGOs, the Maoists, and the Nepali academics are involved. During the development process of Nepali feminism, although there are both advantages and disadvantages to international aids, traditional culture still remains an obstacle to be overcome. After the long-term development, the Nepali womens role has been evidently improved. Womens awareness on their gender and rights protection has been greatly enhanced. In addition, in view of the future development of Nepali feminism, both the modernization course of Nepal and those who have made particular contributions to the country, have played a positive role in striving for womens rights and improving their social status.
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