文章摘要
孙中山与毛泽东教育思想比较论要
A comparison of the education ideas of Sun Yat-sen and Mao Zedong
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 孙中山  毛泽东  教育思想  比较
英文关键词: Sun Yat-sen  Mao Zedong  education thought  comparison
基金项目:黄石理工学院2010年度校级青年研究项目(10yjr49Q);黄石理工学院共青团调研项目研究成果之一
作者单位
刘明明 中国人民大学 马克思主义学院,北京100872 
谢鸿昆 山东农业大学 文法学院,山东 泰安 271017 
摘要点击次数: 1084
全文下载次数: 8
中文摘要:
      孙中山与毛泽东都充分认识到教育的战略地位和作用,认为教育维系着国家的命脉,倡导教育兴国,主张教育机会均等,实行民众的普及教育;都强调立志报国和全面发展的教育目标,主张进行爱国教育、修身教育、启智教育,重视因材施教和社会实践的教育方法改革等。但两人教育思想的差异也是显而易见的。孙中山关注的往往是上层士大夫有识之士和有为青年,而毛泽东关注更多的是贫苦工人和农民;孙中山更侧重西方自然科学和军事训练等内容,而毛泽东则更多的是让下层贫苦民众"写得、算得"以及唤醒他们的爱国意识和反抗精神等。
英文摘要:
      Sun Yat-Sen and Mao Zedong fully realized that the strategic position and the function of education.They both thought the education was always maintaining the national life.So they advocated that the educational opportunity should be equal and should implement equal education policy,and stressed that everyone served the country with the full scale development educational goal.They also advocated that carrying on the patriotic education,practical moral education,cultured education is of importance.They also took seriously consideration to teach students in accordance with their aptitude and the social practice,and advocated education method reform and so on.But their educational thought difference was also obvious.Sun Yat-Sen paid more attention to the upper formation literary intelligentsia men and the promising youth,while Mao Zedong paid more close attention to the poor workers and farmers.Sun Yat-Sen stressed Western natural sciences and military training,while Mao Zedong stressed the lower level poor populace could write,read and awoke their patriotic consciousness and the rebellious spirit,and so on.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭