文章摘要
毛泽东为什么要发动反右派运动
Why Did Mao Zedong Launch Anti-rightist Campaign
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 毛泽东  为什么  发动  反右派运动
英文关键词: Mao Zedong  why  launch  anti-rightist campaign
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中文摘要:
      认真研读进入社会主义时期后的毛泽东一系列重要文稿,便不难发现,在观察和思考国内社会的阶级关系、少数人闹事原因、民主党派和知识分子队伍状况以及国内思想动向等诸多社会问题时,毛泽东偏重于运用阶级斗争的观点,从而导致将国内形势看得过于严重。这就使得毛泽东对整风鸣放阶段中出现的激烈批评言论不仅不能正确对待,反而作出发动反右派运动的决策。可以说,决策发动反右派运动是毛泽东思想深处中存在的"以阶级斗争为纲"的"左"的指导思想在1957年6月这一特定历史条件下的运用与实践。
英文摘要:
      After careful reading a series of Mao Zedong’s manuscripts during the socialist period,it is not difficult to find that Mao Zedong focused on the use of class struggle point of view in observing and considering the class relationships of domestic society,the cause of a small number of people to make troubles,the status of democratic Parties and intellectuals,the trend of domestic thoughts and many other social issues,etc,which led Mao Zedong to take the domestic situations too seriously.This made Mao Zedong fail to rightly treat the criticisms during the movement of "rectification of incorrect styles of work" and "airing of views",and make the decisions to launch the anti-rightist campaign.It could be said that making decision to launch anti-rightist campaign was the use and practice of Mao Zedong’s leftist guiding ideology of "taking class struggle as the key link",which deeply existed in Mao Zedong’s thought.
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