文章摘要
索绪尔的语言单位观
Saussure’s Viewpoints on Linguistic Unit
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 语言单位  性质  类型  索绪尔的观点
英文关键词: linguistic units  nature  categories  Saussure’s viewpoints
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中文摘要:
      索绪尔对语言单位非常重视,尽管他没有明确指出有哪些语言单位,但通观其语言学理论,我们认为他总结了语言单位的性质,包括同一性、意义结合、系统性以及现成性。在此基础上,索绪尔智慧地区分了词汇单位和语法单位,前者包括词和熟语,后者包括词形构造模式、词组构造模式和句子构造模式,但后者意义更重大。
英文摘要:
      Saussure attaches great importance to linguistic units though he has not clearly presented us what they are.After an overall view of his linguistic theories,we think that he has summarized the nature of the units,i.e.they are identity,dual,system and ready-made in nature.On this basis,Saussure wisely distinguishes between units in vocabulary and units in grammar,with the former including words and ready-made phrases and the latter including patterns for word,phrase and sentence formation.Furthermore,Saussure thinks that the abstract units(units in grammar) are of more significance.
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