文章摘要
论专业异化
On the Specialty Alienation
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 专业异化  去人格化  消解
英文关键词: specialty alienation  depersonalization  elimination
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中文摘要:
      专业异化指人们在实践中自觉或不自觉的把专业绝对化、把人完全专业化的现象。从专业名称出发,用专业属性规定人的特性,人异变为专业的符号,人的全部等同于专业功能。专业异化是消极的,专业教育代替了整个人才培养;片面强调专业功能,人异化为工具;"专业"名称遮蔽了专业实质和专业人性。对于专业异化的消解主要依靠观念鼎新,配合一定的措施,经过较长时间的努力,有望得到缓解。目前,对于专业异化问题的探讨更大的价值在于理论建设方面。
英文摘要:
      Specialty alienation refers to the phenomenon that in practice people consciously or unconsciously absolutize specialty and regard an individual to be completely specialized.By taking the name of specialty as the starting point,specialty nature is used to regulate an individual’s character,thus an individual is alienated to be the symbol of specialty and the individual’s wholeness equals to specialty function.Specialty alienation is negative,as it results in the fact that specialty education replaces talent cultivation,partially stresses the specialty function,an individual is alienated to be tools,and the name of specialty conceals specialty essence and specialty humanity.To dissolve specialty alienation mainly depends on upgrading people’s concept,and it can hope to be relieved by taking some countermeasures and by exerting longtime efforts.Currently,a bigger value of the discussions about specialty alienation is seen in its theoretic aspect.
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