文章摘要
中国避风港规则存在的问题及其解决途径
On the Problems in Safe Harbor Rules in China and the Solutions
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 中国避风港规则  问题  侵权通知  解决途径
英文关键词: Safe Harbor rules in China  problems  notice of infringement  solutions
基金项目:广东省科技计划资助项目(2010B060400004)
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中文摘要:
      通过比较中美两国立法和分析典型案例可知,中国避风港规则存在以下两个方面的问题:首先,《信息网络传播权保护条例》第二十三条但书中的"明知或应知",是模糊的、不清晰的;其次,权利人发出的不合法通知是否具有法律效力没有明确规定。这种条款规定的不确定性容易导致法律适用性不统一的后果。要改变这一现象首先必须修订避风港规则的相关规定,明确注意义务的判定标准和不合格通知的法律效力。此外,还需要引入利益分享机制,在权利人与网络服务商之间建立商业合作关系。
英文摘要:
      Through the contrastive study of the legislation in both China and the United States,we observed two problems existing in the Safe Harbor rules in China.First,in Article 23 of the Regulations on Protection of the Right of Communication through Information Network,the "knowing" or "should know" is not clearly stated,which leads to an ambiguous Red Flag standard.Second,there are not prescriptions concerning the legal validity of the notice of infringement from the copyright holder.The ambiguity of the provisions may cause the disagreement of the applicability of the law.Therefore,the Safe Harbors rules ought to be amended in order to change the current situation.In addition,the mechanism of sharing of benefits ought to be introduced to establish business cooperation between the copyright holders and the Internet service providers.
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