文章摘要
论专业本位及其实践偏误
On Profession-Oriented System and Its Practice Bias
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 高等教育  培养模式  专业本位  专业偏误
英文关键词: higher education  cultivating mode  profession-oriented  profession bias
基金项目:2010教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(10YJA880001)
作者单位
朱玉红,鲍祖尚 长沙师范学院 总务处湖南 长沙 410100 
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中文摘要:
      我国实行的是以专业划分为基础的高等教育模式,即专业本位体制。专业划分乃至社会行业分工是弥补人类能力局限的科学创举。大学专业本位表现为以专业类别为培养平台、专业技能为衡量标准、专业身份为取舍依据。在教育的发展过程中,高教专业本位培养模式出现了一些偏误,存在专业功利化、专业异化等问题。正确认识专业本位的合理性以及存在的问题,有利于我国高等教育的健康发展。
英文摘要:
      In China, the mode of higher education is based on division of majors, namely profession-oriented system. Major division and even social industry division is the scientific pioneering work for the make-up of human beings limited ability. Profession-oriented in universities is manifested as follows: the category of major is considered as a cultivation platform, and professional skill is considered as a yard stick, and professional identity is considered as a choice criterion. With the development of education, some bias, such as the utilitarianism of profession and the alienation of profession, are created in profession-oriented higher education mode. It is helpful for us to be well aware of the rationality of profession-oriented higher education mode and the existing problems, so as to develop Chinas higher education in a healthy way.
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