文章摘要
论民事连带责任案件的判决
On Judgment for Civil Joint and Several Liability
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 连带责任  司法裁判  判决
英文关键词: civil joint and several liability  judicial adjudication  judgment
基金项目:湖南省哲学社会科学基金重点项目(11ZDB073);湘潭大学诉讼法学研究中心开放课题(10fx06009)
作者单位
彭熙海 湘潭大学 法学院湖南 湘潭 411105 
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中文摘要:
      虽然连带责任制度对权利人利益保护的独特优势应得到彰显,但法院在司法裁判时却不能无视实体与程序的差别而一味地满足权利人的诉求,甚至只应权利人的请求而做出裁判,否则会导致程序的虚无,使法院失去其独立性,沦为权利人的司法工具,也使未经裁判不得令其承担责任的责任人失去法律的保护。理性的做法是,针对个性化的权利应注重个性化的司法裁判。在民事连带责任案件的判决中,应合理寻找权利人的权利保护与责任人的权益保障之间的平衡点。在诉讼形式上采固有必要共同诉讼形式,各责任人均需参加诉讼的基础上,统一作出对各责任人或为胜诉或为败诉的判决,同时应对各责任人的责任份额作出明确划分。如此既能提高诉讼效率,避免多余之诉的发生,又能使所有诉讼参与人尽快退出诉讼,从而避免出现相互矛盾的判决。
英文摘要:
      Although the unique advantage of joint and several liability to protect obligee s interests should reveal itself, the court in the judicial adjudication cannot ignore the substantial and procedural differences instead of blindly meeting the obligee s claims, even make the adjudication only for the obligee s request; otherwise, it will cause the application to nothingness, make the court lose its independence and become the obligee’s judicial tool, and it will also make the person responsible lose the protection of law without liability to bear the responsibility of the judgment. A rational approach is that, to individual rights, it should pay attention to the judicial referee personalized. In the joint and several liability judgment of the case, it should seek for the balance point between the protection of the obligee s rights and that of the interests and the rights of the person responsible. In the form of litigation, it should take the inherently necessary joint action form, with each person responsible involved in the proceedings, and make a winning or losing judgment for each person responsible; meanwhile it should clear the responsibility share. In this way, it can not only improve the efficiency of the proceedings and avoid unnecessary litigations, but also make all the participants in the proceedings retreat from the litigations as soon as possible, so as to avoid the conflicting decisions.
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