文章摘要
关于“目”、“眼”、“眼睛”相关问题的商榷
Discussion about the Related Issues of “mu”(目), “yan”(眼) and “yanjing”(眼睛)
  
DOI:
中文关键词: “目”  “眼”  “眼睛”  始见年代
英文关键词: “mu (目)”  “yan (眼)”  “yanjing (眼睛)”  the year that begins to see
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划项目(10YJA740115);湖南省方言与民俗文化研究基地项目
作者单位
尹戴忠 湖南科技大学 人文学院湖南 湘潭 411201 
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中文摘要:
      关于“眼”、“眼睛”表示眼睛义位的始见年代、“眼”与“目”不复区别始于何时、“眼”取代“目”始于何时,学者们见仁见智,各自提出了不同的观点。笔者认为“眼”表示眼睛义位的始见年代应为战国时期,“眼睛”表示眼睛义位首见于汉代,“眼”与“目”的分别不复存在的时间应当推迟至宋元以后,“眼”在口语中取代“目”应当始于隋唐。
英文摘要:
      Regarding the issues that when “yan” (眼) and “yanjing” (眼睛) began to indicate the eyes sememe, when “yan” (眼) and “mu” (目) had no distinctions in meaning, and when “yan” (眼) began to replace “mu” (目), different scholars have put forward different views. This paper suggests that “yan” (眼) beginning to indicate the eyes sememe should be during the Warring States Period. “Yanjing” (眼睛) indicating eyes sememe was first found in the Han Dynasty. The year that began to see no distinction in meaning between “yan” (眼) and “mu” (目) should be after the Song Dynasty and the Yuan Dynasty. “Yan” (眼) replacing “mu” (目) in oral Chinese language should begin from the Sui Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty.
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