文章摘要
国内外幼儿教师职业准入标准及其启示
On Kindergarten Teachers Occupation Admittance Criteria Both at Home and Abroad and Their Revelations
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 幼儿教师  职业准入标准  特点
英文关键词: kindergarten teachers  occupation admittance criteria  characteristics
基金项目:国家社会科学基金“十二五”规划2011年度教育学一般课题(BHA110056)
作者单位
郭铁成1,双立珍1,李小球2 1.湖南幼儿师范高等专科学校湖南 常德 4150002.湖南省教育科学规划办湖南 长沙 410005 
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中文摘要:
      发达国家幼儿教师职业准入标准的特点是:立足教师的专业化发展;学历层次高,知识广博;标准具有层次性、差异性;注重教育临床实践和经验;知识、能力、伦理要求并重。我国幼儿园教师职业准入的特点是:品德、身心素质、教育知识与能力要求并重;准入标准的双轨制;专业化要求逐步提高;准入标准不完善、“门槛”过低。制定我国新的幼儿园教师职业准入标准,应在国际化与本土化之间找到结合点;适当提高准入“门槛”;坚持四个基本理念。
英文摘要:
      The characteristics of the kindergarten teachers occupation admittance criteria in the developed countries are as follows: based on the professional development of teachers; high level of education, extensive knowledge; hierarchy and otherness; pay attention to the education of clinical practice and experience; pay equal attention to knowledge, ability, moral requirements. The characteristics of the kindergarten teachers occupation admittance criteria in China: pay equal attention to moral, physical and mental quality; teaching knowledge and ability; double-track admittance criteria; gradual increase in professional requirements; imperfect admittance criteria, and too low degree of admittance criteria. The development of Chinese new kindergarten teachers’ occupation admittance criteria needs to find the joint point between the international and the local, appropriately enhance the degree of admittance criteria, and adhere to the four cardinal principles.
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