文章摘要
关于实质条件句的两个问题
Two Questions Concerning Material Conditional
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 蕴涵  实质条件句  直陈概括条件句  直陈单独条件句  概率条件句
英文关键词: implication  material conditional  indicative generalized conditional  indicative singular conditional  probability conditional
基金项目:教育部人文社科一般项目(13YJA720022)
作者单位
翟玉章1,吴昊垟2 1.南京师范大学 哲学系江苏 南京 210023;2.美国博林格林州立大学 哲学系43402 
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中文摘要:
      实质条件句和蕴涵的关系如何?实质条件句与日常语言中的条件句的关系如何?这是关于实质条件句的两个基本问题。澄清了实质条件句和蕴涵的关系,指出不能将蕴涵混同于相应的实质条件句的真理性,并在此基础上分析了所谓的蕴涵悖论。应该将实质条件句在技术上的价值与它在日常语言中的对应物这两个问题分开处理,并论证了以实质条件句概念解释日常语言中的直陈单独条件句的适当性,指出两者之间的关系是卡尔纳普所谓之辩明关系。
英文摘要:
      This paper explores two questions concerning material conditional. The first half of the paper clarifies the relationship between implication and material conditional, emphasizing that implication is not merely the truth of material conditional; and then the alleged paradoxes of implication are analyzed in the light of this clarification. The latter half proposes that we should distinguish between the technical value of material conditional and its counterpart in ordinary discourse, and argues for the adequateness of explaining indicative singular conditional as material conditional, the latter being an explication (in Carnap's sense) of the former.
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