文章摘要
现代汉语副词性语素论析
A Study of Adverbial Morphemes in Mandarin Chinese
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 现代汉语  副词性语素  半自由语素
英文关键词: Mandarin Chinese  adverbial morpheme  semi free morpheme  productivity
基金项目:湖南省社科基金一般项目( 12YBA097);湖南工程学院博士科研启动项目
作者单位
毛帅梅,罗晓语 湖南工程学院 外国语学院湖南 湘潭 411104 
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中文摘要:
      全面考察现代汉语中副词性语素的分布情况和语法特性。研究显示:(1)现代汉语包含40个单音节的副词性自由语素、133个副词性半自由语素和10个副词性不自由语素,副词性半自由语素可涵盖丰富的语义类型和多样的语法特征;(2)单音节副词性语素重叠、副词性语素+后缀等多种形式的存在反映了副词性语素在隐性词法规则的影响下可产生具有一定能产性的词法模式;(3)副词性语素具有强组合性、韵律依附性、能产性、定位性和文言性等句法特征,它们既体现了语言的共性,也表现出现代汉语的个性。研究表明副词并非一个可以穷尽列举的封闭类,有助于更清楚的认识其词类属性,为现代汉语语素研究提供了材料证据。
英文摘要:
      This is a data-based comprehensive study of the distribution and grammatical features of adverbial morphemes in Mandarin Chinese. It is claimed that: (1) there are 40 monosyllabic free adverbial morphemes, 133 semi-free adverbial morphemes and 10 bound adverbial morphemes in Mandarin Chinese, with a large number of semi-free adverbial morpheme covering rich semantic types and a variety of grammatical features; (2) the existence of various forms of adverbial morphemes indicates the influence of implicit lexical rules on lexical patterns; and (3) the monosyllabic adverbial morphemes display such grammatical attributes as “strong combination”, “rhythm dependence”, “productivity”, “situatedness” as well as “classic elegance”, which embody not only cross linguistic universals, but also certain specialty of Mandarin Chinese.
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