文章摘要
真之多元论与真之符合论——两种符合多元论之比较
Pluralism of Truth and Correspondence Theory of Truth: A Comparison between Two Kinds of Correspondence Pluralism
  
DOI:
中文关键词:   符合论  等同论  多元论  一元论  语言性事实
英文关键词: truth  correspondence theory  identity theory  pluralism  monism  linguistic fact
基金项目:国家社科基金项目(10BZX020);广东省社会科学规划项目(09C-01);广东省高校人文社科基地重大项目(10JDXM72001);中国逻辑学会学术研究重点项目(13CLZD001)
作者单位
陈晓平 华南师范大学 公共管理学院哲学所广东 广州 510006 
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中文摘要:
      “真”具有不同的涵义或真具有不同的性质已经成为一个公认的事实,由此产生真之多元论。然而,逻辑推理的“保真性”要求“真”具有单义性。如何使真概念的单义性和真性质的多元性相协调?对这一问题的探索导致向真之符合论的回归,其结果便是真之符合多元论的出现。笔者也持某种符合多元论的观点,其要点是:由“符合”的单义性来保证“真”的单义性,而“符合”的单义性是以外延等同论和内在符合论为基础的;单义的“符合”概念与多重实现的“存在”功能结合起来,达到真之一元论与真之多元论的统一。
英文摘要:
      It is generally recognized that “truth” has different senses or properties, and thus pluralism of truth has been raised. However, the “truth-preserving” of logical inference demands the univocality of “truth”. How to make the univocality of truth concept be in harmony with the plurality of truth property? The quest of this problem leads the return to the correspondence theory of truth, and the result is the emergence of correspondence pluralism of truth. This paper holds that the correspondence pluralism of truth is as follows: the univocality of truth concept is guaranteed by the univocality of correspondence concept, while the univocality of correspondence concept is based on the extensional identity theory and internal correspondence theory. The univocal correspondence concept is combined with the multiply realizable existence function, whereby the unification between monism of truth and pluralism of truth is achieved.
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