文章摘要
“是”在汉语特指问句中的句法研究
The Syntactic Analysis of Shi in Mandarin Whquestions
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 生成语法  焦点标记“是”  汉语特指问句
英文关键词: generative grammar  focus marker shi  mandarin whquestions
基金项目:湖南省社科基金资助项目(11YBA164);湖南省“十二五”重点建设学科:“比较文学与世界文学”(湘教发[2011] 76号)
作者单位
白蓝 中南大学 外国语学院湖南 长沙 410000 
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中文摘要:
      在生成语法的理论框架下,探讨焦点标记“是”在汉语特指问句中的句法表现。“是”具有2种用法,一种为判断动词,另一种为焦点标记。汉语特指问句可分为Ⅰ类疑问句和Ⅱ类疑问句2种类型。焦点标记“是”位于焦点投射中心语位置。在特指问句中,对焦点标记“是”的位置关系为了满足扩充投射原则,主语“你”移位至焦点标志语位置,而疑问代词作为焦点成分位于原位,在逻辑式中发生移位,嫁接于焦点标志语位置。
英文摘要:
      This paper investigates shi in Mandarin wh questions under the Generative Grammar, and proposes that the properties of shi should play two ways, one of which is copular verb, and the other is focus marker. Meanwhile, Mandarin wh questions should be divided into two types which be defined I and Ⅱtypes. The focus marker shi stays in the head of Focus Projection Position (FocP), and it subject moves to the specifier of FocP since the Extended Projection Principle. As focus constituent, the whphrase stays in situ and adjunct the specifier of FocP in logic form.
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