文章摘要
非法集资犯罪的刑法界定——基于刑法技术性工具的合理性研究
The Demarcation of Illegal Fund-Raising Crime in Criminal Law: From the Perspective of the Rationality of Technical Tools in Criminal Law
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 非法集资  证券  不特定对象  投资合同  合理界定
英文关键词: illegal fund-raising  securities  non-specified object  investment contract  reasonable demarcation
基金项目:中南财经政法大学融通型拔尖创新人才培养项目资助
作者单位
童德华,贺晓红 中南财经政法大学 刑事司法学院湖北 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      《关于审理非法集资刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》中关于非法集资犯罪的界定虽立足于有效指导司法实践这一理念,然而从技术性处理的角度考察,则仍存在缺陷:并非所有的非法集资犯罪的成立都须具备社会性这一特征;亲友以及口口相传的界定也颇为模糊。应在“亲友”的范围之内,以超过三个层级为准将其界定为向“公众”集资。同时,主动型的口口相传应认定为公开宣传。
英文摘要:
      Interpretation of the Supreme People s Court on Several Issues Concerning the Specific Application of Law in Trial of Criminal Cases of Illegal Fund-Raising has demarcated the illegal fund-raising crime, and it helps to guide judicial practice. However, it still has flaws from a technical point of view. First, the so-called “sociality” is not the requirement of all of the illegal fund-raising crimes. Second, the definitions of “relatives and friends” and “through word-of-mouth” are ambiguous. Taking into account the reality of society, if the actor raises funds among relatives and friends and the interpersonal relationship among those relatives and friends could be defined as more than three tiers, this kind of behavior could be defined as raising fund from “public”. Aside from that, active propaganda through word-of-mouth should be defined as public propaganda.
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