文章摘要
坚持文艺党性和人民性的统一——重读毛泽东《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》
Adhering to the Unity of Party Spirit and Popularity of Literatureand Art: Rereading Mao Zedong’s The Speech at the Forum ofArt and Literature in Yan’an
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 毛泽东  文艺  党性  人民性
英文关键词: 
基金项目:江苏省社会科学基金项目(15ZXB005)
作者单位
沈金霞1,2 1.南京大学 哲学系江苏 南京 2100232.南京邮电大学 宣传部江苏 南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      《讲话》是毛泽东文艺党性和人民性相统一思想的代表作。这一思想有其理论和现实基础。文艺的党性包括本质层面和现实层面的定义。坚持文艺的党性,要求党员作家做到思想上入党,要求所有作家认真学习马克思主义,要求文艺服从于政治而非个别政治家。文艺的人民性体现在文艺创作的对象、内容和评价标准上。毛泽东对普及与提高、教与学、动机与效果关系的阐述,体现了文艺的人民性要求。今天,坚持文艺党性和人民性的统一仍具现实意义。
英文摘要:
      The Speech at the Forum of Art and Literature in Yan’an is the representative work of Mao Zedong’s thought about the unity of the Party spirit and popularity of literature and art. This thought has both theoretical and realistic foundations. The Party spirit of literature and art includes the definitions both on the natural and the realistic levels. Adhering to the Party spirit of literature and art demands that the Party member writers must join the Party in thinking, that all the writers must study Marxism seriously, and that literature and art must be subject to politics rather than to individual politicians. Popularity is embodied in the object, the content and the evaluation standard of the literature and art. Mao Zedong’s discussions about relations between popularization and improvement, teaching and learning, motivation and effect show the demand of popularity of literature and art. It is of realistic significances to adhere to the unity of the Party spirit and the popularity of literature and art today.
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