文章摘要
普特南与艾耶尔关于模态问题的论争探析
On the Debates Between Putnam and Ayer about Modal Problems
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 可能性  可想象性  分层等同  实体等同
英文关键词: possibility  conceivability  sortal identity  substance-identity
基金项目:国家社科基金项目(14BZX073)
作者单位
张燕京,梁宗宪 河北大学 政法学院河北 保定 071000 
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中文摘要:
      艾耶尔在《二十世纪哲学》一书中批评了普特南的思想,认为其节外生枝地谈论本质、必然或可能世界是得不偿失的。普特南对艾耶尔的批评进行了回应与反思,对比了物理的可能性和形而上学的可能性,在对形而上学可能性等模态问题进行辩护的基础上,极富启发性地讨论了分层等同、实体等同等重要问题。
英文摘要:
      In his book The Philosophy in the Twentieth Century, A. J. Ayer criticized H. Putnams idea of essence, necessity and possible worlds. Putnam made a refutation on Ayers criticism, comparing the metaphysical possibility with the physical possibility. Based on his defenses in metaphysical possibility, he demonstrated in sortal identity and substance-identity, and studied the problem of equivalent across the possible world.
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