文章摘要
论马克思的科技创新动力观
Marx’s Outlook on Scientific and Technical Innovation Impetus
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 马克思  科技创新  动力  创新型国家
英文关键词: Marx  scientific and technical innovation  impetus  innovation-oriented country
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(14YJA880043)
作者单位
雷石山 中南大学 马克思主义学院湖南 长沙 410083 
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中文摘要:
      科技创新动力观是马克思科技创新思想的重要组成部分。马克思主要从三个方面分析了科技创新的推动力量,即社会需求的刺激、资本家追逐超额剩余价值动机的驱使、工人与资本家之间阶级斗争的推动。马克思的科技创新动力观在当时历史条件下具有其合理性,部分观点至今仍具有重要指导价值,也有个别见解随着时代的发展而失去其理论光芒。应根据实践的变化不断丰富发展马克思的科技创新动力观。
英文摘要:
      The outlook on scientific and technical innovation impetus is one of the important parts of Marx’s scientific and technical innovation thought. Marx analyzes the driving force of scientific and technical innovation from the following three aspects, that is the spur of the social demands, the driving motivation that the capitalists chase the extra surplus value, and impetus of the class struggle between the workers and the capitalists. Marx’s outlook on scientific and technical innovation impetus is of reasonability under the historical conditions of his times. Some of his viewpoints are of important guiding significance, while others have developed with the times and lost their theoretical glamour. We shall constantly enrich and develop Marx’s outlook on scientific and technical innovation impetus in accordance with the practical changes.
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