文章摘要
毛泽东新人思想理论依据考释
esearch on the Theoretical Foundation of Mao ZedongsThought about New Person
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 新民  新人  天人合一  社会达尔文主义  历史唯物主义
英文关键词: people of a new type  new person  theory that man is an integral part of nature  social Darwinism  historical materialism
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(SWU1409328)
作者单位
孟永 西南大学 政治与公共管理学院重庆 400715 
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中文摘要:
      儒家新民理念旨在培养圣贤,以臻治世,理论依据是天人合一,终极依据是“天”。近代新民思潮旨在培养新国民建立现代民族国家以救亡,理论依据是社会达尔文主义,“民”以“国”为暂时归依之处。毛泽东新人思想以历史唯物主义和辩证唯物主义为理论依据,旨在通过劳动和社会运动等方式来发展人本身。与两者相比,毛泽东新人思想既不再以成圣为目标,亦不再以国家为归宿,而是要使新人在人类的意义上成为人之存在意义的自我承担者。
英文摘要:
      Based on the theoretical foundation of historical materialism, Mao Zedongs thought about new person highlights the pursuit of value sources. Labor has been one of the most direct ways to return and enter into the nature for modern people. Molding new person is exactly to return to the life foundation and search for the life meaning through labor. New person has two sides of the same coin, i.e. one is the representation of self-decomposition and all things of being nothing, the other is the effort to pursue the meaning and rebuild the value sources. Therefore, the new person himself or herself has become the self-undertaker of value sources absolute person.
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