文章摘要
毛泽东的代表观念
Mao Zedongs Concept of Representation
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 毛泽东  代表观念  群众路线
英文关键词: Mao Zedong  concept of representation  the mass line
基金项目:
作者单位
菲利斯M. 佛莱科特1(著),高磊2(译) 1.莱德学院 教育学院美国 新泽西 086482.华东师范大学 政治学系上海 200241 
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中文摘要:
      在很多方面,毛泽东的“群众路线”政治满足了皮特金的政治代表的标准:拥护客观的共同体利益和对民众的观点予以回应。毛泽东和伯克、卢梭一样,强调客观的共同体利益的现实性、要创造一个有道德的社会以及公共舆论不受支配。这些特征与自由主义者所强调的政府应对自私自利的公众予以回应的主张背道而驰。当然,中国的民意不允许改变国家的目标,但是这些民意与国家目标的一致就是群众路线以及伯克和卢梭政治(思想)的本质。
英文摘要:
      This paper argues that Maos concept of representation, although unlike the Liberal view, resembled other Western views of the concept. In many respects, Maos "mass line" politics fulfilled Pitkins criteria for political representation: espousal of an objective community interest and responsiveness to popular viewpoints. Like Burke and Rousseau, Mao stressed the reality of objective community interest, the creation of a virtuous society, and the dangers of unencumbered public opinion. These characteristics diverge from the Liberals emphasis on governmental responsiveness to a self-interested public. Certainly Chinese public opinion is not allowed to alter national goals, but opinions compatible with these goals are the essence of mass line politics, as well as the politics of Burke and Rousseau.
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