文章摘要
广义量词的推理模式研究
Research on Inferential Patterns of Generalized Quantifiers
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 广义量词  论元结构推理  单调性推理  广义三段论推理
英文关键词: generalized quantifiers  argument structure inferences  monotonicities inferences  generalized syllogistic inferences
基金项目:教育部人文社科规划基金项目(12XJA740007)
作者单位
林胜强,张晓君 四川师范大学 政治教育学院 四川 成都 610066 
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中文摘要:
      基于Peters和Westersthl(2006)、Moss(2010, 2011)、Chow Ka Fat(2012)等相关文献的工作,可进一步概括出广义量词的三种主要推理模式:论元结构推理、单调性推理和广义三段论推理。可以用大量实例对这些推理模式加以说明。由于广义量词在自然语言中普遍存在,这些研究对计算机科学中的知识表示和知识推理等方面具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      This paper draws chiefly on the ideas and methods in Peters and Westerst?hl (2006), Moss (2010, 2011), and Chow Ka Fat (2012), etc. The new facts and corollaries discovered and proved in this paper are 11 and 2 respectively. These facts and corollaries mainly summarize three inferential patterns of generalized quantifiers as follows: (1) argument structure inferences; (2) monotonicities inferences; (3) generalized syllogistic inferences. These patterns are illustrated by many instances in this paper. Since generalized quantifiers are ubiquitous in natural languages, the study is very important for knowledge representation and reasoning in computer science.
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