文章摘要
嵌入性视角下残疾人就业支持的制度困境
On Institutional Plights of Employment Support for theDisabled from the Perspective of Embedability
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 残疾人就业  制度困境  嵌入性  政策工具  政策共同
英文关键词: the employment of the disabled  the institutional plight  embedability  policy tools  policy community
基金项目:2014年国家社会科学基金项目 (14BSH096) ;2012年江苏省高校首批中青年教师境外研修项目;2013年江苏省第四期“333”高层次人才工程;2014年江苏省高校“青蓝工程”;江苏省社科基金项目(14SHB007)
作者单位
许巧仙 南京特殊教育师范学院 管理学院江苏 南京 210038 
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中文摘要:
      我国努力制定和实施特殊的就业支持政策以提升残疾人就业水平,但政策效果并不显著。从经济社会学的嵌入性视角入手分析残疾人就业支持政策制定和执行面临的制度困境,重点探讨与政策运行具有关联性的制度环境因素。研究发现,国家较低水平的残疾人福利价值取向、相对孤立于广阔制度背景的残疾人就业支持政策工具以及政治导向型政策工具和离散性政策共同体是影响政策运行的重要变量,支持残疾人就业还需政府进一步提升残疾人福利水平,在顶层制度设计中注意残疾人特惠制度与普惠制度之间的互动和协同,凝聚各方力量激励政策共同体中不同主体的责任和担当。
英文摘要:
      China has made great efforts to enact and implement the special employment support policy to improve the employment of the disabled, but it does not achieve remarkable effects. The research analyzes the institutional plights when the employment support policy of the disabled is formulated and implemented in light of embedability of the economic sociology; it mainly discusses the institutional factors related to policy working. The research finds that the significant variables affecting policy working are the welfare value orientation of the disabled at the lower level of the nation, and the employment support policy tool of the disabled are relatively isolated from the broad system background, politics-oriented policy tools and discrete policy community. To support the employment of the disabled, the government is required to further enhance the welfare of the disabled, pay attention to the interaction and cooperation between the preferential system and the generalized system of preferences of the disabled when designing the top-level system, so as to gather the strength of all the parties to stimulate the responsibilities and the duties of diverse subjects in policy community.
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