文章摘要
包容性创新过程中企业和贫困群体之间 “结构洞”的产生与跨越
Research on the Generation of Structural Holes betweenEnterprise and the Impoverished as well as the Path acrossThem in the Process of Inclusive Innovation
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 包容性创新  结构洞  非政府组织
英文关键词: inclusive innovation  structural holes  NGO
基金项目:
作者单位
王玉娟,蒋长流 安徽大学 经济学院安徽 合肥 230601 
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中文摘要:
      包容性创新需要企业与贫困群体建立起一定的市场经济关系。然而,他们所面临的环境缺乏支撑市场机制有效运行的制度安排和基本条件,创新活动的开展更多建立在社会关系基础之上。由于企业与贫困群体之间的社会网络极其松散,呈现出一种弱关系,在此情景下产生了“结构洞”,即信息非对称性配置及渠道障碍下的“信息洞”、资金匮乏及知识技能不足导致的“资源洞”以及制度安排和基本条件缺失下的“市场洞”。为跨越“结构洞”,引入第三方——非政府组织(Non-Governmental Organization,英文缩写NGO)来为企业与贫困群体搭桥,从而实现两者间信息资源的流动、社会网络的耦合以及信任关系的建立。
英文摘要:
      Inclusive innovation needs to establish a certain relationship of market economy between enterprise and the impoverished. However, the environment they face lacks the institutional arrangements and basic conditions which support the efficient operation of market mechanism, innovation activities base more on social relationships. Because the social network between enterprise and the impoverished is very loose, presents a kind of weak ties. In this context, information holes, resources holes and market holes emerge because of information asymmetry and the lack of information channels, the shortage of funds and knowledge skills , the lack of institutional arrangements and basic conditions in the process of inclusive innovation. To cross the above structural holes between enterprise and the impoverished, the study introduces third-party, i.e. the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) to build a bridge for the two to promote the flow of information resources、the coupling of social networks and the establishment of trust relationships.
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